How to Trout Fish - Fishing Pools in an Effective Manner

by Trevor Kugler

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Fishing pools in an effective manner is very important for anyone who wants to know how to trout fish. For the purposes of this article I'm referring to the 'pools' that are found in small to medium sized rivers. The kind of rivers that are best fished while wading. Pools contain slower current, deeper water, and often a much larger fishing area than the other areas of the river.

In any given trout river there are 'pools' that hold trout and fishing these pools effectively is extremely important for anyone who really want to know how to trout fish. Just walking up to a pool and fishing it or wading into a pool haphazardly and fishing it is not the way to fish said pool effectively. Doing either of these things will undoubtedly spook the pool and make catching trout much more difficult. In this article I will outline a few simple tips to fishing pools in an effective manner.

The first thing to keep in mind is the noise that is made (mostly by your feet) while wading. Trout are very sensitive to any underwater sounds that are out of the ordinary. This means that you must "tread lightly" in and around the pool you intend to fish. The sound of rocks smacking together travels great distances underwater so you want to limit any movement that will cause rocks to smack together while wading in and around pools that you intend to fish.

The next thing that you must be mindful of is the weight of the line that is being used. Trout are found in cold clear water and have very sensitive eyesight, thus your line must not be visible under the water. This means using fishing line that's as light as possible. For more than two decades I've been using four pound test monofilament for all of my trout fishing and would suggest that anyone do the same.

To fish any pool in effective manner different depths must be fished. Pools contain deeper water than other areas of the river, thus weights will have to be adjusted to fish different depths. In other areas of the river you want your offering to 'roll' along the bottom with the current. While the bottom of any pool needs to be fished, so do depths higher in the water column. This means adjusting the number and/or size of the split shot sinkers being used for weight in any given pool. The less weight you use the higher in the water column your offering will appear. To fish any pool effectively, every couple of feet of water needs to be fished thoroughly.

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Live bait is very effective trout bait when used in pools throughout most trout rivers. If you want to know how to trout fish in pools, rigging your bait is crucial to success. You always want your bait to appear as natural as possible to the trout which means using bait rigs such as gang hooks. This is especially true where live worms are concerned (a great trout bait by the way). To fish any pool effectively live bait should be a part of your repertoire. For example try spinners or spoons, then a small crank bait, then live bait to see what works best on any given day.

These simple tips will help you fish pools in a much more effective manner. When it comes to trout fishing, especially in small rivers and streams where wading is necessary, fishing pools effectively is of the utmost importance.


Trevor Kugler is co-founder of JRWfishing.com and an avid angler. He has more than 25 years experience fishing for all types of fish, and 15 years of business and internet experience. He currently raises his five year old daughter in the heart of trout fishing country.

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